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How do I complete the phrase "subscribed and sworn by (blank)"?

Photo of woman with long dark hair on phone. She is looking at papers in her hand. Text on image reads NNA Hotline Tip.

I have a document which states, “subscribed and sworn to me by (Blank) ” What should go in the blank space? — S.P., Indiana

The name of the document signer who signed the document in your presence and took an oath or affirmation that you administered as part of the notarial act. This type of notarial act is called a verification upon oath or affirmation.

Hotline answers are based on the laws in the state where the question originated and may not reflect the laws of other states. If in doubt, always refer to your own state statutes. – The Editors

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Ronald J. Grant

06 Feb 2023

I realize that it is not in the best economic interest of the NNA, but I am letting my Commission expire after many years. I find it ridiculous after being a Notary for over 30 years that I have to take a course and test every 4 years and have my fingerprints taken. I am former service member, an attorney and have had numerous security clearances, believe me they have my finger prints. It is all too much trouble. The law should be changed.

Lipson Edmond

08 Mar 2023

I wish to take the class again, just to keep up to date.

Esther SeymourOlade

23 Mar 2023

I agree with Atty Ronald Grant one should not have to repeat the same process every four years. Most professional such as Chartered Accountants are not required to take the exams of their profession again. That is why we have continued education classes to keep you afresh in the profession.

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